Resolved: Hate crime enhancements are unjust in the United States.is found here.
Update: It might be philosophically justifiable, but what if hate crime legislation has an unanticipated--and unjust--result?
Update 2/6: Enforcement, as an empirical matter, is considered.
Update 2/7: I look at US Sentencing Guidelines as a clear way to define hate crime enhancements, and consider a couple resulting arguments.
Update 2/10: I examine whether hate crimes are qualitatively unique.
Update 2/11: Further problems in enforcement are noted.
Update 2/17: I consider a second definition of hate crime enhancements, and potential consequences for the affirmative.
Update 2/18: Hey, Negatives. How about 6 reasons why hate crime enhancements are, in fact, just?
Update 2/21: Casting aside my initial skepticism, I show how a Rawlsian can approach the resolution.
Update 2/22: Retributivism, it is claimed, comes in two forms. How do they relate to the resolution?
Update 2/23: Hate crime enhancements can influence the plea bargaining process. Might this lead to injustice?
Update 2/24: I show how much hate crime enhancements vary from state to state.
Update 2/29 Looking for evidence that HCEs deter crime? Me, too.
Update 3/8: With a reader's help, I consider some ideas for Aff cases, as well as sample Neg cases.